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Brief History Of Tires
- Aug 09, 2018 -

Earliest tire

The earliest tires were made of wood, which can be seen on ancient Chinese chariots and foreign gentleman carriages. Later, when explorer Columbus explored the New World for Haiti in the West Indies in the second time in 1493-1496, he discovered the rubber lumps played by local children, which surprised him. Later, he brought this wonderful thing back to the motherland. After a few years, rubber was widely used, and the wheels gradually changed from wood to hard rubber. But the rubber tires at this time are still solid, they are very uncomfortable to walk, and the noise is also very large. Until 1845, the Scottish-born civil engineer R. W. Tomson invented pneumatic tires and patented the British government with the title "Carriage Improvement for Horse Cars and Other Vehicles." The first pneumatic tire was born on December 10 of the same year. The first person to buy a pneumatic tire was Luo Li, a nobleman. The price of four tires totaled forty-four pounds and two shillings. In 1847, Science and America magazine introduced Thomson's pneumatic tires, calling it an epoch-making improvement. However, at that time, the United Kingdom paid too much attention to the traditional gentleman. In order to protect the carriage and limit the development of steam vehicles, the speed of the automobile was limited to 2 mile (about 3.2 km) in the urban area and 4 mile (about 6.4 km) in the suburb. In this way, Thomson's invention has no market, so it is slowly forgotten. In other words, Thomson’s first tire revolution did not bring the same light to the sun, because the darkness that human beings should endure seems to have not yet reached its end. But the sun always comes out, because humans and everything need it. In 1888, more than 40 years later, the Englishman of England, J.B. Dunlop, obtained the patent for pneumatic tires. At that time, Mr. J.B. Dunlop’s 10-year-old son, Johnny, bought a three-wheeled bicycle, but because the tires at the time were all solid tires made of hard rubber, they did not walk on the road full of stones. Comfortable, my son’s complaint inspired Mr. Dunlop’s inspiration, so the pneumatic tires that had been forgotten for more than forty years came out again. With the progress of the times, the pneumatic tires invented by Mr. Dunlop quickly became applied to bicycles and quickly entered the automotive field, making great contributions to the development of the world automobile industry.


China is the world's largest producer and consumer of automobiles and tires. From 2002 to 2012, China's automobile tire production maintained an average annual growth rate of more than 15%. In 2012, China's tire industry realized a profit of 27.5 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 43.7%. China is also the world's largest exporter of car tires. From 2002 to 2012, China's automobile tire exports maintained an average annual growth rate of more than 40%. The United States is the largest importer of tires in the world today, and its imported tires account for about one-third of China's total tire exports.


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